Beginning with 1912 he had been a minister in our church for 52 years. He spoke several languages and was a qualified theology professor who published several studies and sermons in religious periodicals. The unfavorable political conditions as well as the flimsiness of his fellows prevented him from becoming a famous university professor .
„“He would have become a doctor if the misery of orphans had not been his lot. He would have been a professor at the theological school if he had not been more welcome in the jail for political convicts.” This erudite minister had made both friends and enemies focus their attention on Homoródszentmárton between 1965 and 1980.He used to say ‘Ideas and truth are more important than life itself… I prefer suffering and death to disloyalty.’ On his 60th birthday he parted with his life. Instead of making a compromise he chose to die. His doctor’s dissertation – “The History of the Transylvanian Sermon-Literature between the 16 th and the end of the 19th century” was published in English and we hope that we can soon read it in Hungarian ,too. The memory of these ministers is cherished by wooden obelisks in our churchyard , reminding us of the words: “I must work the works of him that sent me, while it is day: the night cometh, when no man can work.”(John 9:4)
A composer born in our congregation as son of minister Zoltán Sándor – who pointing out the role of music in his family said: “I can underestimate neither the role of my father playing the harmonium and the flute nor that of my sister playing lighter dance music on the piano .The fact that my first composition was a waltz ‘á la Strauss’ (in H-minor ,goodness me!) points to my sister’s influence.” In 1951 he took a degree in teaching music, in 1952 in composing and in 1953 in conducting. Since 1968 until his death in 1978 he had been vice president of the Association of Romanian Composers and director of the State Philharmonics in Marosvásárhely. For his work and his merits he was awarded several prizes : 1966 –Order of Culture IV; 1967 – Enescu Composers’ Award (Romanian Academy) ; Ion Vidu Chorus Award; 1972 – Association of Composers’ Award ( Symphony II) According to Hencz József “ The music of Zoltán Aladár has grown into a huge unfinished symphony. It is our duty to discover the inner harmony of this uncompleted oeuvre… He used to create, work and do his everyday duties, and then he overcame himself and was reborn in the painful magnificence of creation a hundred times, and he laid out his soul and music with the unselfishness of the eternal donator.” A black marble plaque commemorates him on the wall of the parish hall.
Román, Viktor (1957-1995)
„“ A statue must express
something. If nothing else, it should express the personality and soul of the
artist. That’s why an artist looks for the most suitable material, which should
render his lifestyle and character. I started sculpting in the brick-yard of my
native village, playing with clay. This joy has stayed with me ever since, I
relive it when I touch clay. Later things get more complicated ; playing is just
a small part of creating, which I think, should be a game and a joy. I think
that every artist should remain a child, a child playing with his toys. But then
things change: we’ve got thousands of things to consider, that is we have to
feel them with our instincts. I usually sense things, and I should thank God for
I can find joy easily. But then carrying things out the way I have conceived them is a different matter. That’s when the anguish starts, since we want to be as perfect as a child playing his games whole-heartedly.
The most important factor in sculpting is light. You can ruin a statue completely by putting it in the wrong place. This has to do with space, but with light as well. And a statue must not only receive light from outside, this has to be inside it. Light does not only mean sunshine. A statue needs inner light. Light must be in the statue itself. And then this must be in harmony with the sun. I feel that the best place for a statue is in the sun, between heaven and earth." ( From the notes of Paul Barba-Negra, Saron-sur-Aube, 1994) The people of Homoródszentmárton remember these people with appreciation and gratitude. We also pay the tribute of respect to those anonymous members of the congregation , who , throughout the centuries, had helped and made our church renowned through their actions led by faith. “The conscious acquiescence of poverty implies the gift of being friends with God. The poorer a man , the closer his relationship with God .” (Márai Sándor)
The Biró family from Homoródszentmárton
„At the beginning of the 18th century the Birós were ‘one of the most
distinguished families ‘ they belonged to the gentry and were leading figures of
the movements of their age.
Biró Sámuel spoke and acted against the efforts of the counter-reformation to abolish Protestantism , especially Unitarianism in Transylvania. In 1716 they started to destroy the spiritual centers of the Unitarians and expropriated their schools.
In March, 1718 we lost the new high school in Kolozsvár and the church in the center, too. On 8 April when the diet assembled in Kolozsvár the Unitarian noblemen thought that the moment had arrived for the secular forces to join the leadership of the church to fight the counter-revolution. We do not know exactly who attended this meeting, but a document has been preserved from which we can learn the main resolutions :
Thus in April the Unitarian church
had two chief wardens , one of whom was Homoródszentmártoni Biró Sámuel, the
other one was Désfalvi Simon Mihály . Following this the Unitarian High School
was opened in the Huszár – house , Belmagyar street, Kolozsvár, with 9 students
and Kolozsvári Dimény Pál as headmaster, who was followed by Szentábrahámi L.
Mihály in 1720.The future bishop – Szentábrahámi L. Mihály , ‘the eyes, heart
and mouth’ of the Unitarians – had been supported by Biró Sámuel while studying
in Leiden , Frankfurt and Halle. When the Parliament formed a committee to
supervise the issues affecting the future of Transylvania, Biró Sámuel as
president of this committee was assisted by Szentábrahámi L. Mihály.
1. The involvement of lay people in leading the church
2. The restarting of the Unitarian high school and its maintenance through collections
3. Establishing the function of chief warden.
Of the Birós three other people are worth mentioning Biró Zsigmond, supervising warden of Udvarhely and Biró Mózes and Biró József, members of the chief council.
Biró József supported and carried on his grandfather Biró Sámuel’s dream : the building of a high school in Székelykeresztúr. It was due to his support that the construction started in 1792. In appreciation of his services in 1799 he was elected supervisor of the Keresztúr district and on 4 July 1813 supervisor of the high school. It was his merit also, that in 1818 the school was rebuilt of stone.
The family tradition was carried on by his son, József, who in 1834 attended the Parliament’s session as ‘royal officer’.
The last representatives of this celebrated family are mentioned in a real-estate register issued on 30 May 1892, according to which in 1874 – 1879 Mrs. Kõkõsi József Biró Julianna and Mrs. Huber József Biró Anna sold all their lands – 111 acres and 1359 fathoms - to local small farmers : Dombi Ferenc jr., Dombi Pál , Dombi Mózes senior, Dombi Mózes and minister Dombi Mózes. Julianna and Anna Biró moved to Keresztúr.
The Catholic descendants of the family, who lived in Betfalva, reclaimed their nationalized estates after 1989 and they come home for regular visits from Germany.